Henrik Wegener – Københavns Universitet

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Resistance in bacteria of the food chain: epidemiology and control strategies

Publikation: Forskning - fagfællebedømtReview

Frank Møller Aarestrup, Henrik Caspar Wegener, P. Collignon

Bacteria have evolved multiple mechanisms for the efficient evolution and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Modern food production facilitates the emergence and spread of resistance through the intensive use of antimicrobial agents and international trade of both animals and food products. The main route of transmission between food animals and humans is via food products, although other modes of transmission, such as direct contact and through the environment, also occur. Resistance can spread as resistant pathogens or via transferable genes in different commensal bacteria, making quantification of the transmission difficult. The exposure of humans to antimicrobial resistance from food animals can be controlled by either limiting the selective pressure from antimicrobial usage or by limiting the spread of the bacteria/genes. A number of control options are reviewed, including drug licensing, removing financial incentives, banning or restricting the use of certain drugs, altering prescribers behavior, improving animal health, improving hygiene and implementing microbial criteria for certain types of resistant pathogens for use in the control of trade of both food animals and food.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftExpert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Vol/bind6
Tidsskriftsnummer5
Sider (fra-til)733-750
ISSN1478-7210
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2008
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 172808771